Scientific Studies

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Since the very beginning, Aqua4D has worked closely alongside some of the world’s leading agronomy universities in order to definitely verify the efficacy of its proprietary technology in a variety of settings. Now, after more than a decade, we are pleased to present here a selection of studies from various scientific institutions around the world.

Click on each study to expand, and request more detailed information, we will contact you.

 

Scientific collaborations

Research Institution:  Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil, Research Station ACW, National – Competence Center for Nematology, Switzerland, 2010

Team:

  • Dr Sebastian Kiewnick

Solution investigated:Nematodes

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth and vigor
  • Less stress for the plant
  • Lower Gall index and lower eggs number = nematodes control and reduced
    damages on plants

Article published in the Journal Water Research 83 (2015) 184-194

 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 1 Influence of Aqua4D® electromagnetic treatment to remove the nematodes

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia, 2013

Team:

  •  Pr. Mohamed Hachicha

Solution investigated: Saline water

Crop: Maize seeds

Main results: 

  • Faster germination
  • Higher germination rate: between 10 and 25% according to the Aqua-4D®
    treatment time and salinity of water samples

Article published in the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences (2016-Elsevier
Editorial System). Manuscript Number: JSSAS-D-14-00103R1

 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 2. Effect of Aqua-4D® treated water on germination of maize seeds

Research Institution:  VOLCANI Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Nematology department, Israel, 2012

Team:

  • Pr. Yitzhak Spiegel

Solution investigated: Biofilm reduction

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth and vigor
  • Better root development
  • Lower Gall index and lower eggs number = nematodes control and reduced damages on plants

Article published in the Journal Water Research 83 (2015) 184-194

 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 3. Control of plant-parasitic nematodes using Aqua4D®

Research Institution:  Higher Agronomical Institute of Chott Meriem, Tunisia, 2012

Team:

  • Dr. Bouthaina AL Mohandes Dridi
  • Pr. Najet Raouani Horrigue
  • Falfoul Karima, engineer student

Solution investigated:Nematodes

Crop: Melon

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth and vegetation
  • Lower Gall index = nematodes control and reduced damages on plants
  • Increase in production: +42%
  • More efficient than Rugby nematicide
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 4. Effect of Aqua4D® electromagnetic water treatment on irrigation water on a melon culture

Research Institution:  CATV Centre for Technical Adaptation and Extension, jointly with the Hassan II Institute of Agronomy in Agadir, Morocco, 2012

Team:

  • Dr. Boujmaa SIRAT, Head of the CATV
  • Mrs. Zahra Ferji, nematologist at the Agronomic and Veterinary Institute Hassan II

Solution investigated: Nematodes

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • Lower Gall index and lower eggs number = nematodes control and reduced
    damages on plants
  • Increase in production: +42%
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 5. Study of the influence of Aqua4D® on a tomato culture in a greenhouse in the presence of nematodes

Research Institution:  Water and Environmental Research Laboratory (WERL), Faculty of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, jointly with USAID and the Technical and Applied Research Center (TARC), Occupied Palestinian Territory 2012-2013

Team:

  • Amer Marei and Dia Rdaydeh, WERL
  • Dia Karajeh, USAID
  • Nawaf Abu-Khalaf, TARC

Solution investigated: Saline water and water savings

Crop: Bell-peppers

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth and vegetation
  • Better quality
  • Increase in nutrients absorption
  • Water savings: 15%
  • Increase in production: +20%

Article published in the Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A4 (2014) 830-838 

 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 6. Effect of Using Electromagnetic Brackish Water on Irrigated Bell Pepper Crop

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia, 2013

Team:

  •  Pr. Mohamed Hachicha

Solution investigated: Saline water

Crop: Maize seeds

Main results: 

  • Faster germination
  • Higher germination rate: between 10 and 25% according to the Aqua4D®
    treatment time and salinity of water samples

Article published in the Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences (2016-Elsevier Save  Editorial System). Manuscript Number: JSSAS-D-14-00103R1

 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 7. Effect of Aqua-4D® treated water on germination of maize seeds

Research Institution:  CRRA Regional Center for Agronomical Research, jointly with INRGREF, Tunisia, 2013

Team:

  • Pr. Hajlaoui Hichem, CRRA
  • Pr. Borgi Ziad, CRRA
  • Pr. Mohamed Hachicha, INRGREF

Solution investigated: Saline water

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth
  • Better quality
  • Higher yields: +96% (close to yields with potable water)
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 8. Electromagnetic water treatment of saline irrigation water: impact on the growth and the yields of a tomato culture

Research Institution:  Higher Agronomical Institute ISA Chott Meriem, Tunisia, 2013

Team:

  • Dr. Bouthaina AL Mohandes Dridi
  • Pr Najet Raouani Horrigue
  • Mabrouk Amina, engineer student

Solution investigated: Nematodes

Crop: Melon

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth and vegetation
  • Better root development
  • Better fruit quality
  • Increase in production: +6%
  • No significant effect on nematodes (Gall index) due to a severe initial infestation
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 9. Effect of Aqua4D® electromagnetic water treatment on irrigation water on a melon culture

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia, 2016-2018

Team:

  • Prof. Mohamed Hachicha, INRGREF
  • Mohamed BOUHLEL, Mater Student

Solution investigated:Saline water

Crop: Soil only, without plants

Main results: 

  • The volumes of drainage water from electromagnetically treated irrigation water are significantly higher and the salt concentrations are also higher
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 10. Evaluation of the effect of Aqua4D on the leaching of salts in soils according to: the salinity of irrigation water and the dose of irrigation water

Research Institution:  ICA Iber Carthage Agro, Tunisia, 2013-2015

Team:

  • Mamdouh Trabelsi

Solution investigated: Saline wate – Salt saturated soils

Crop: Vineyard

Main results: 

  • Higher plant growth, vigor and vegetation
  • Higher length and volume of bunch of grapes: 15-20%
  • Class grapes slightly improved
  • Decrease in salt conductivity of the soil
  • Increase in production: +15%
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 11. Effect of Aqua4D® irrigated saline water on quality and yields of vineyard with salt saturated soil

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia, 2016-2018

Team:

  • Prof. Mohamed Hachicha, INRGREF
  • Mohamed BOUHLEL, Mater Student

Solution investigated:Saline water

Crop: Soil only, without plants

Main results: 

  • The volumes of drainage water from electromagnetically treated irrigation water are significantly higher and the salt concentrations are also higher
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 13. Evaluation of the effect of Aqua4D on the leaching of salts in soils according to: the salinity of irrigation water and the dose of irrigation water

Research Institution:  Arava Development Company, Zohar Research Center, Israel, 2015-2016

Team:

  • Dr. Effi Tripler

Solution investigated: Saline water

Crop: Melons

Main results: 

  • A reduced uptake of sodium and chloride
  • An increased production yields
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 14. Effect of electromagnetic treatment of irrigation water on melons grown in the Arava valley  

Research Institution:  UIB University of the Balearic Islands, Research Group on Plant – Biology under Mediterranean Conditions, Spain, 2015-2016

Team:

  • Dr. Hipólito Medrano Gil
  • Dra Josefina Bota Salort

Solution investigated:Water savings

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • Improvement of production yield: +10%
  • Improvement of all quality criteria:
    o Brix +12%
    o Firmness +35%
    o Total titrable acidity +42%
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 15. Influence of Aqua4D® treatment on the plant growth, water use and water use efficiency in greenhouse irrigated crops  

Research Institution:  Nilo Coelho Project

Team:

  • Producer – Agronomist Josival Amorin
  • Nilo Coelho Project

Solution investigated:Nematodes (Meloidogyne enterolobii)

Crop: Guava

Main results: 

  • All trees that were attacked by nematodes have recovered a good shape and are now able to produce fruits
Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 16. Effect of electromagnetic treatment of irrigation water, on nematodes attacking guava trees  

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia,

Team:

  • Prof. Mohamed Hachicha, INRGREF
  • Malek Moussa, PhD Student

Solution investigated: Saline water, Treated wastewater

Crop: Maize

Main results: 

REPORT UNDER WRITTING

Contact us for more detailed information about this study : Effect of electromagnetic treatment on treated wastewater used for irrigation

Research Institution:  Mediplant – Swiss research institute for aromatic and medicinalplants, Switzerland, 2016

Team:

  • Xavier Simonnet R&D Manager

Solution investigated: Saline water

Crop: Basil

Main results: 

  • A significant increase of 10% in the yield of dry leaves
  •  P and Ca contents of the leaves are significantly higher
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 18. Effect of the Aqua-4D® on the development of basil in soilless cultivation with 2 levels of irrigation water salinity  

Research Institution:  UNESP – Faculty of agricultural and veterinary sciences – Campus of Jaboticabal – Department of Plant Protection – Brazil, 2016

Team:

  •  Prof. Dr. Pedro Soares – Nematologist

Solution investigated: Nematodes

Crop: Soybean

Main results: 

  • NOT AVAILABLE FOR PUBLIC

Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 19 Effect of electromagnetic treatment of irrigation water in the control and development of soybean nematodes

Research Institution:  INRGREF National Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Water and Forests, Tunisia, 2016-2018

Team:

  • Prof. Mohamed Hachicha, INRGREF
  • Mohamed BOUHLEL, Mater Student

Solution investigated:Saline water

Crop: Soil only, without plants

Main results: 

  • The volumes of drainage water from electromagnetically treated irrigation water are significantly higher and the salt concentrations are also higher
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 20. Evaluation of the effect of Aqua4D on the leaching of salts in soils according to: the salinity of irrigation water and the dose of irrigation water

Research Institution:  Fresno State – Center for Irrigation Technology, 2018

Team:

  • Tim Jacobsen
  • Charles F. Cochran
  • Janet Robles
  • Dave Goorahoo Ph.D.

Solution investigated: Saline Water

Crop: leaching of salts in soil

Main results: 

  • Aqua4D leachate was consistently higher than the control
  • Aqua4D treated water leached approximately 2.3 times more ions per unit of water than the non-treated water
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 22. Soil Column Study – Fresno State California

Research Institution:  Unesp – São Paulo State University, Brazil, 2017 – 2018

Team:

  • Pr Fernando Putti

Solution investigated: Saline Water

Crop: Tomatoes

Main results: 

  • REPORT UNDER WRITING

Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 23 Effect of the Aqua4D® on the development of tomatoes crops in soilless cultivation with 5 concentrations of irrigation water salinity

Research Institution:  Campo & Negocios, 2018

Team:

  • Eusimo F. Fraga Junior
  • André L. T. Fernandes
  • Gilmar J. da Silva Junir
  • Arianne Rodrigues Xavier
  • Charles F. Cochran
  • Janet Robles
  • Dave Goorahoo Ph.D.

Solution investigated: Coffee Crop

Main results: 

  • Water Savings 25%
  • Production increase 15%
 Contact us for more detailed information about this study : 24. Study on the effect of Aqua4d on a coffee crop

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